Innovation led policies
Ensuring economic growth may be one of the tantamount directions of states. And since innovation leads to growth, it is reasonable that policies are focussed on enabling innovation.
It may be part of the reason why correlating GDP to scientific productivity is a reasonable proxy for progress. What I wonder is whether scientific productivity is a byproduct of innovation-focused states or if it drives it.
One of the policies that states can establish to speed up innovation is to create knowledge networks. This is the case of why Japan was so successful after WWII even if it was spending a significantly lower percentage of GDP than the Soviet Union. (see: 202311281015 Innovation led policies).
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