The end of the pleistocene is characterized by massive extinctions[@zotero-812Pleistocene Epoch - Megafaunal extinctions] that are normally associated with human intervention in the environment.
Islands were used as models to justify these claims. However, there is evidence that not all hominins drove extinctions in islands during the pleistocene, which points to stronger climatic reasons for the extinctions[@louys2021No evidence for widespread island extinctions after Pleistocene hominin arrival].
Island and continental fauna, therefore, must be interpreted differently. Especially because there is evidence of late holocene extinctions driven by humans, meaning that there was actually a cultural change.
Different hominins went extinct during these time, which triggers that question of the inherent violence of modern humans.
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